THE ONLY AMERICAN RECORD OF PURE BRED
ANGORAS IS KEPT BY THIS ASSOCIATION
INCORPORATED IN 1900
P.O. BOX 195 • PHONE 830-683-4483
Rocksprings, Texas 78880
AN INTRODUCTION TO THE ANGORA GOAT AND MOHAIR
Angora goat is raised primarily for the production of mohair, a
specialty natural fiber. They have been raised in many parts of the
USA, but due to climatic conditions and fluctuating mohair prices, over
90% of USA mohair in recent years has been produced in Texas under
range conditions. However, with an increased interest in hand knitting,
more active mohair production by the industry, a stong worldwide demand
for mohair in the last 10 years, and improved health and management
practices in confinement, and small flock operations, there again is
much interest and capability of raising Angora goats in all parts of
of the literature in print is directed toward range & ranch
conditions. Some of the printed health, drug, and management
recommendations need to be updated or modified for your particular
area, but the basic principles will still apply. Most sheep and milk
goat magazines have helpful information, also, that can apply to Angora
goat management. One's local veterenarian or state specialist for sheep
and goats should be consulted for specific health programs in your area.
is recommended that one gain experience first on a small scale. Goats
purchased closer to your environment will usually adapt better. If one
is interested primarily in hand knitting, it is usually cheaper to
purchase small amounts of mohair instead of producing your own.
However, because of their small size and friendly nature, you may
desire to raise some Angora goats. Use high quality registered billy
goats when possible to make steady improvements. Cull inferior animals
and keep good records.
below are some management practices that differ some from sheep or milk
shearing of the mohair twice a year, the Angora goat can freeze to
death in cold, damp weather. This can occur up to 6 weeks after
shearing. This condition is usually prevented if sheds are provided and
nutrition is adequate.
- Adequate nutrition
is extremely important especially in young animals up to 18 months of
age; with females during the last 6 weeks of pregnancy; and at least
the first 8 weeks of lactation. The young animal after weaning should
be provided with a 16% protien ration (total consumption). Yearling
does should weigh at least 60 pounds before breeding. Excess fat can
impair reproduction and milking efficiency; so emphasis should be
placed on body structural growth.
- Angora goats have a
limited breeding season generally during the months of August through
November. The gestation period is approximately 145 to 150 days.
Freshly born kids will freeze to death much easier than lambs;
therefore, an enclosed confinement kidding barn is advised in colder
- Internal parasites
including Coccidiosis must be taken
seriously and use the most recent drugs under the guidance of your
sheep and goat veterinarian. Timing of drenching is important,
especially in late pregnancy or when the grass first greens up in the
- Lice (biting and
sucking) must be controlled on a regularly planned basis to avoid the
itching and rubbing. The new sprays are giving longer lasting results
than Malathion. With Malathion and other sprays, repeat in 14-17 days
to kill young lice hatched out from lice eggs.
- Urinary Calculi causes many fatalities in breeding rams and billy
goats each year. The Ca:P ratio of the entire diet should be closer to
3:1 instead of lower ratios recommended for Cattle and Sheep. In cold
weather be sure that warm water is provided daily.
tetanus, pheumonia, mastitis, pink-eye, and other diseases are to be
handled the same as for sheep and milk goats.
- Dogs and predators
usually find young goats easier prey than lambs.
- The Angora goat
does well under range conditions, especially with brush. Contrary to a
commonly held view, they can also readily adapt to grain fields,
stubble grazing, or confinement operation with roughage added.
- Tail docking is not
- Goats have a
peck-order system and if possible they should be divided into different
size and age groups for best results.
While most states do
not have an Angora goat specialist, their sheep and/or milk goat
specialist should have information available. If not, they can copy
material from Texas, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, New Mexico, or other
states with growing interest. Please remember that most sheep and goat
organizations, breeders, extension services, or experiment stations
have limited staffs and budgets. Therefore, it is usually best to send
a stamped, self-addressed envelope with a small fee for handling and
publishing costs of any pamphlets or booklets. Better yet, if questions
need answering, use the telephone.
Cooperative Extension (at Texas A&M University) is a
good place to start.
With the increased
interest in Angora goats and hand knitting with mohair, there are some
publications that we may know about that we can recommend that you
subscribe to are listed below. They will keep you informed of:
days and new research.
Warehouses or marketing assotiations for selling raw or processed
Health products and spinning supplies.
auctions, and sales are also advertised - check with your
state's animal health requirements for the importation of Angora
goats back into your state.
RANCH & RURAL LIVING MAGAZINE, Scott Campbell,
P.O. Box 2678, San
Angelo, TX 76902
LIVESTOCK WEEKLY, Box 3306, San Angelo, TX 76902
Junction, Texas has commercial Angora goat sales each Monday and other
Texas sheep auctions also sell some Angoras weekly.
The American Angora
Goat Breeders' Association located in Rocksprings, Texas, established
in 1900, is primarily concerned with maintaining registration records
showiing pedigree of all registered Angoras and to keep records of all
transfers showing ownership on all such goats. Most commercial goats
are purebred but not "registered". One must be careful when purchasiing
commercial goats to insist that crossbred (Angoras crossed with milk
goats or Spanish goats) goats are not being offered for sale. The
mohair from crossbred goats is of lower quality, higher in "kemp"
(fibers that do not take dye) and usually fewer pounds per goat. If you
are purchasing registered goats be sure to deal with a reputable
breeder or see the registration certificate and have it transferred to
Mohair Council of America is located in San Angelo, Texas and
is primarily involved in the promotions of mohair useage in domestic
and international markets. It does not buy or sell raw mohair "top" or
yarn. North American producers markets can be reduced without a strong
promotion program because South Africa and Turkey are also major
producers in the world market. Argentina, Lesotho, Australia, and New
Zealand are increasing their production. Mohair organizations from
these countries meet with the commercial processors and manufacturers
of mohair fabrics twice yearly under the umbrella of the International
Association of which the MCA is a member.